Abstract: Surgery is stressful high psychological the vital signs usually increase and the client may appear restless and unable to relax or concentrate. Vital signs of people vary widely, especially blood pressure, blood pressure can increase if they feel anxious or stressed. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between anxiety preoperative patients and increased blood pressure in the Pajajaran RSUD Prof Dr Soekandar Mojosari. This research design uses cross sectional analytic approach. The population of this study were patients in Pajajaran RSUD Prof Dr Soekandar Mojosari preoperative and samples were taken with the 20 respondents using consecutive sampling technique. Variables are anxiety for independent research and increase blood pressure as dependent. Were collected using a questionnaire and observation and then analyzed using Spearman’s rho statistic. The results showed the value of Spearman’s rho (ρ) = 0.002. So that this value is less than (α) = 0.05 which means that is relationship between anxiety preoperative patients and increased blood pressure in the Pajajaran RSUD Prof Dr
Soekandar Mojosari. How closely the degree of correlation can be seen from the value (ρ) 0.615, then the degree of correlation in the category. Preoperative anxiety felt by patients is justified because the surgery performed is a difficult experience for everyone because various bad possibilities could happen that would endanger thepatient.